Archive for May, 2010


War Hammer
Weight: 2 pounds, 4 ounces
Overall length: 24 1/2 inches
Battle ax
0.5 kg to 3 kg (1 to 6 pounds), and in length from just over 30 cm to upwards of 1.5 m (1 to 5 feet)
-Single-handed sword
-Eating knife
-Leatherr boots
-Sheep skin mittens

Visored basinet
Origin: Northern Italy, Circa 1390-1410 Click to enlarge
Wallace Collection A69, circa 1390

Overall weight: 4.065kg (8.96lb)
Weight of the skull: 2.005kg (4.42lb)
Weight of the visor: 0.820kg (1.8lb)
Weight of aventail: 1.24kg (2.7lb)
Height: 26cm (10.25″)
Visor beak to helmet back: 37.4cm (14.75″)
War in the middle ages was bad time to be in the conflict of war. There was no turning back when you gave yourself to the army. War back then was a blood house and only one country won the other would have been whipped out over the battlefield making sure that they were all dead. In even some battles they say that when the attackers came to someones land to fight there would be blood up to their ankles. That sounds pretty over exaggerated but that was the worst part but it wasn’t that was just normal back in their wars. But then there were those times were they was make peace at war and stop. But when the two sides came together to make peace really the people on the outside trying to take over the city on the inside were the ones who won. The inner city people would just give up and give them the city and spare the lives of the rest of the people.

Front lines – People who were in the front line of the army were most likely swordsman and pike men. They ran the front line and usually they would stick their swords out straight so that it could collide with the enemy. Usually they had long-swords so it would reach farther and the short-swordsman were the ones on the horses who rode forth after the to enemies meet. The archers would usually have a dagger on their side and they would stand in the back usually on some kind of wall if they were fighting for their city.  If not then just in the back line of their army. They say that when the archers let their arrows go it turned the sky so black that the enemy couldn’t even see them coming pretty much just a dark cloud coming right for them.

Weapons – There were many different weapons that they used in the army. Such as some of the following. Sword, long-sword, single-handed sword, pike, lance, bow and arrow, crossbow, battle ax, war hammer, chain mace.
Armor – These are what they wore to protect them in the middle ages against enemy weapons. Shield, bassinet, sheep skin mittens, leather shoes, Sallet helmet, small fist shield or (buckler), Gauntlet, Under “jack” made from multi-layered canvas, leg plates, chain mail.

Archers – The archer was a valued soldier in the medieval age and when working with a team of archers could change the outcome of a battle in a matter of minutes. Before gunpowder was widely used the longbow and crossbow were among the most deadly weapons available to a medieval soldier.

Peasants – The other type of common soldier was the foot soldier. He usually carried a long spear called a pike. He often had a sword and a dagger. He usually wore some type of metal armor generally chain mail but sometimes plate armor. He also wore a metal helmet. His job was to protect the archers who could not defend themselves well. He did this through his pike. Any armored cavalry attack was met with a wall of pointed spears. This type of defense sometimes worked however a knight could often run straight over a pike-carrying soldier. A knight sometimes dismounted to fight hand to hand with foot soldiers. The knight usually won because he had the greater armor and strength.

Preparing for battle –

  • Dressing the knight in his armor,
  • Carrying the knight’s flag,
  • Carrying the knight’s armor, shield, sword,and duty
  • Accompanying their Knight to tournaments and during the time of war to the battlefield
  • Ensuring the armor and weapons of the knight were in good order
Some other info about when in battle
– Knights fought on horseback with swords.
-Foot soldiers fought with spears, swords, axe, daggers.
– Spears were easy to make and use.
– Lightweight spears could be thrown
– heavy spears were used to stab people from close contact.
– Knights had big wide swords for cutting through chain mail

Read Full Post »